In praise of Auguste Comte 1798-1857: Comte’s social theories culminated in the “Religion of Humanity,” which influenced the development of religious humanist and secular humanist organizations in the 19th century. Comte likewise coined the word altruisme (altruism).

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http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=images+auguste+comte&qpvt=images+auguste+comte&FORM=IGRE#view=detail&id=0B9B4425B23B09A5A3D44A381968F0812FAE1A71&selectedIndex=20

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auguste_Comte

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Comte was a founder of the discipline of sociology and of the doctrine of positivism. He is sometimes regarded as the first philosopher of science in the modern sense of the term.

Strongly influenced by the utopian socialist Henri Saint-Simon, Comte developed the positive philosophy in an attempt to remedy the social malaise of the French Revolution, calling for a new social doctrine based on the sciences. Comte was a major influence on 19th-century thought, influencing the work of social thinkers such as Karl Marx, John Stuart Mill, and George Eliot.   His concept of sociologie and social evolutionism, though now outdated, set the tone for early social theorists and anthropologists such as Harriet Martineau and Herbert Spencer, evolving into modern academic sociology presented by Émile Durkheim as practical and objective social research.

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3 stages of human development —

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“The law is this: -that each of our leading conceptions, -each branch of our knowledge, -passes successively through three different theoretical conditions: the Theological, or fictitious; the Metaphysical, or abstract; and the Scientific, or positive.” -Comte

  1. Theological Stage
    1. Fetishism
    2. Polytheism
    3. Monotheism
  2. Metaphysical or Abstract Stage
  3. Positive Stage

The development that recognised as a three stage is considered as a result of development of thinking and accumulation of philosophical achievements, by M. I. Sanduk.  The enormous accumulations of achievements of Theoretical Physics during the first three decades of the last century were behind Gaston Bachelard‘s declaration of his new scientific spirit[17] or a new a philosophy of science (or a fourth stage). That regarding of a new philosophy of science was owing to the accumulation of new proposals of Quantum mechanics. Accordingly, for Sanduk, the new development in science applications led to philosophy of technology; so philosophy of technology may be the fourth stage of philosophy.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_of_Humanity

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Religion of Humanity (fr. Religion de l’Humanité) is a secular religion created by Auguste Comte, the founder of positivist philosophy. Adherents of this religion have built chapels of Humanity in France and Brazil.

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Comte developed the religion of humanity for positivist societies in order to fulfill the cohesive function once held by traditional worship. The religion was developed after Comte’s passionate platonic relationship with Clotilde de Vaux, whom he idealised after her death. He became convinced that feminine values embodied the triumph of sentiment and morality. In a future science-based Positivist society there should also be a religion that would have power by virtue of moral force alone. In 1849, he proposed a calendar reform called the ‘positivist calendar‘, in which months were named after history’s greatest leaders, thinkers and artists, arranged progressively in chronological order. Each day was dedicated to a thinker.

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In Système de politique positive (1851–1854) Comte stated that the pillars of the religion are:

  • altruism, leading to generosity and selfless dedication to others.
  • order : Comte thought that after the French Revolution, society needed restoration of order.
  • progress : the consequences of industrial and technical breakthroughs for human societies.

In Catéchisme positiviste (1851), Comte defined the Church of Humanity’s seven sacraments:

  • Introduction; (nomination and sponsoring)
  • Admission; (end of education)
  • Destination; (choice of a career)
  • Marriage;
  • Retirement; (age 63),
  • Separation; (social extreme unction),
  • Incorporation; (absorption into history) – 3 years after death.
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3 Responses to In praise of Auguste Comte 1798-1857: Comte’s social theories culminated in the “Religion of Humanity,” which influenced the development of religious humanist and secular humanist organizations in the 19th century. Comte likewise coined the word altruisme (altruism).

  1. Pingback: Augustinian mystic Martin Luther — Aquinas cognition John Calvin — and yet, Bertrand Russell & Apostle John are Augustinian & Plato logos (analytical) acolytes — huli ‘au (upside down in Hawaiian), baby!! | Curtis Narimatsu

  2. Pingback: Here we have Augustinian mystic Martin Luther — and Aquinas cognitive John Calvin — and yet, Bertrand Russell & Apostle John are Augustinian & Plato logos (analytical) epic movers — huli ‘au (upside down in Hawaiian), baby!

  3. Pingback: Here we have Augustinian mystic Martin Luther — and Aquinas cognitive John Calvin — and yet, Bertrand Russell & Apostle John are Augustinian & Plato logos (analytical) epic movers — huli ‘au (upside down in Hawaiian), baby!

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