Luther Reformation freestyler & John Locke alter ego Francis Bacon 1561-1626 is the morning star of empiricism and the scientific method. And like antecedent Thomas More’s Utopia, Bacon’s New Atlantis portrays a vision of the future of human discovery and knowledge, expressing his aspirations and ideals for humankind. The novel depicts the creation of a utopian land where “generosity and enlightenment, dignity and splendour, piety and public spirit” are the commonly held qualities of the inhabitants of the mythical Bensalem. The plan and organization of his ideal college, Salomon’s House (or Solomon’s House), envisioned the modern research university in both applied and pure sciences.

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Gaiety Francis Bacon

http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=images+francis+bacon&qpvt=images+francis+bacon&FORM=IGRE#view=detail&id=5713072063AE0317D72D6F431119BEB2348E8206&selectedIndex=0

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Atlantis

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Prayers

In describing how the scientists of New Atlantis worked, Bacon wrote:

We have certain hymns and services, which we say daily, of Lord and thanks to God for His marvellous works; and some forms of prayer, imploring His aid and blessing for the illumination of our labors, and the turning of them into good and holy uses.[5]

In Bacon’s Theological Tracts, there are two prayers, named “The Student’s Prayer” and “The Writer’s Prayer” which may be a demonstration of how scientists could pray as described in The New Atlantis.

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Influences

New Atlantis and other writings of Bacon inspired the formation of the Royal Society. Jonathan Swift parodied them both in book III of Gulliver’s Travels.

In recent years, New Atlantis influenced B.F. Skinner’s 1948 Walden Two.

This novel may have been Bacon’s vision for a Utopian New World in North America. In it he depicted a land where there would be freedom of religion – showing a Jew treated fairly and equally in an island of Christians, but it has been debated whether this work had influenced others reforms, such as greater rights for women, the abolition of slavery, elimination of debtors’ prisons, separation of church and state, and freedom of political expression,   although there is no hint of these reforms in The New Atlantis itself. His propositions of legal reform (which were not established in his lifetime), though, are considered to have been one of the influences behind the Napoleonic Code,   and therefore could show some resemblance with or influence in the drafting of others liberal constitutions that came in the centuries after Bacon’s lifetime, such as the American.

A Newfoundland stamp which reads “Lord Bacon – the guiding spirit in colonization scheme

Francis Bacon played a leading role in creating the British colonies, especially in Virginia, the Carolinas, and Newfoundland in northeastern Canada. His government report on “The Virginia Colony” was submitted in 1609. In 1610 Bacon and his associates received a charter from the king to form the Tresurer and the Companye of Adventurers and planter of the Cittye of London and Bristoll for the Collonye or plantacon in Newfoundland  and sent John Guy to found a colony there. In 1910 Newfoundland issued a postage stamp to commemorate Bacon’s role in establishing the province. The stamp describes Bacon as, “the guiding spirit in Colonization Schemes in 1610.”    Moreover, some scholars believe he was largely responsible for the drafting, in 1609 and 1612, of two charters of government for the Virginia Colony.  

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Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States and author of the Declaration of Independence, wrote:

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“Bacon, Locke and Newton.

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I consider them as the three greatest men that have ever lived, without any exception, and as having laid the foundation of those superstructures which have been raised in the Physical and Moral sciences.”  

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Historian and biographer William Hepworth Dixon considered that Bacon’s name could be included in the list of Founders of the United States of America.

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3 Responses to Luther Reformation freestyler & John Locke alter ego Francis Bacon 1561-1626 is the morning star of empiricism and the scientific method. And like antecedent Thomas More’s Utopia, Bacon’s New Atlantis portrays a vision of the future of human discovery and knowledge, expressing his aspirations and ideals for humankind. The novel depicts the creation of a utopian land where “generosity and enlightenment, dignity and splendour, piety and public spirit” are the commonly held qualities of the inhabitants of the mythical Bensalem. The plan and organization of his ideal college, Salomon’s House (or Solomon’s House), envisioned the modern research university in both applied and pure sciences.

  1. Pingback: Augustinian mystic Martin Luther — Aquinas cognition John Calvin — and yet, Bertrand Russell & Apostle John are Augustinian & Plato logos (analytical) acolytes — huli ‘au (upside down in Hawaiian), baby!! | Curtis Narimatsu

  2. Pingback: Here we have Augustinian mystic Martin Luther — and Aquinas cognitive John Calvin — and yet, Bertrand Russell & Apostle John are Augustinian & Plato logos (analytical) epic movers — huli ‘au (upside down in Hawaiian), baby!

  3. Pingback: Here we have Augustinian mystic Martin Luther — and Aquinas cognitive John Calvin — and yet, Bertrand Russell & Apostle John are Augustinian & Plato logos (analytical) epic movers — huli ‘au (upside down in Hawaiian), baby!

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